Smoking habits among medical and nursing students

If we are asked to name one stubborn evil of the society that has plagued it for centuries now, it will have to be the habit of smoking. When you visit a physician with your troubles, amongst the series of questions presented before you, one or two of them is inevitably concerned with your relationship with smoking. But interestingly, studies that were previously conducted to assess the credibility of medical and nursing students as the origin of future treatments that stems from smoking and tobacco consumption, it was discovered that they too indulge in this habit. However, the primary aim of the study was to compare the smoking habits of these medical and nursing students and outline whether or not their course of education has inculcated any change in this pattern.

Smoking habits

This research was conducted over 1000 students pursuing a career in medicine and nursing from a single university and was studied using a questionnaire containing the Fagerstrom test meant to measure nicotine dependence. Out of the entire capacity, only 397 medical and 126 nursing students took and completed the survey. However, the results established the fact that the number of medical students smoking amounted to only 3.3% while the number of nursing students was around 13.5%, which is much lesser when compared to the former group. Furthermore, more nursing students (17.8%) were smokers in the past than medical students (9.8%). Additionally, the severity as proclaimed by the Nicotine dependence test which in turn depends on five or six other factors in the FTND was found to be higher in the case of nursing students that their medical counterparts.

After comparing the departmental credentials, this same survey was utilized to check the difference in numbers within the classes; the smoking or quit rates did not deviate by large numbers across class years in both the medical and nursing batches. While the number of students who quit smoking in the group of nursing students was moreover constant, the medical students, however, had a different picture to present. The distinction in the latter classification was in the time since quitting which significantly varied across the class years and thereby produced an uneven graph. Even though the smoking habits of the medical and nursing students negligibly altered during their academics, a considerable population of the medical students quit smoking just before entering college while the nursing students nourished the habit even when in college and gave up on it later.

After having gone through all the above-mentioned facts and numbers, we can safely conclude that the smoking habits that prevailed amongst the medical and nursing students have reduced considerably over the last few years and the most glaring reason that can be assigned to this decline is the awareness that they are brought in touch with by their academic courses. Nonetheless, the universities and government must still make efforts to promote the consequences of a prolonged smoking habit amidst students and try to convince them to switch to e-liquids to eradicate the use of tobacco. Both these groups of students are potential advisors and rescuers of patients and the overall public health in accordance with smoking.

The Student’s Guide to Sleeping Better

Do you want to sleep better at night? How much sleep are you getting on average? The experts say that young adults need between 7 and 8 hours of sleep each day. If you get around 6 hours (or worse, less) then your brain isn’t going to work at its best. That’s going to put you in some embarrassing situations. Should the sleep deprivation continue though, it can lead to more serious problems including weight gain, diabetes, heart disease, and reduced cognitive performance. There are several potential causes of your inability to sleep properly at night;

Sleep Apps

It’s true that technology can make it harder to sleep at night, however, it can also help improve sleep quality when used properly. Apps such as SleepCycle and SleepTime can help a lot. They aren’t the most accurate measure, but they can still help you to determine if you have a troubled sleep cycle. Understand your sleep cycle and improve it so you wake up feeling more refreshed and alert.

Sleeping Better

Turn Electronics Off

Electronic screens give off blue lights that make us feel more alert and awake. You should turn off the TV and computer and avoid using your phone for at least half an hour before going to bed. Experts suggest the blue light from screens can trick the brain into thinking that you should be awake, which is going to make it harder to sleep at night. If you have absolutely no impulse control when it comes to watching Netflix or checking Instagram before bed, then take all of the technology out of your bedroom. Don’t give yourself the chance.

Be Active and Stick to a Routine

You should aim to stick to a regular schedule that sees you wake up at the same time in the morning. This synchronizes your body so you start getting tired at an appropriate time and have less trouble falling asleep. Exercising regularly can also help to improve sleep quality. Try to exercise at a similar time each day. If you like to work out in the evenings, then you should do your exercises with at least three hours to spare before going to bed. Exercising too close to bedtime is a stressful activity that can negatively affect your sleeping habits.

Create the Right Bedroom Environment

Getting to sleep requires the right light levels. Sleep schedules can be affected by light levels. Try to convert your bedroom into a place where you can rest and relax. Put up some softer lights like fairy lights that you can dim before hitting the hay. When the time comes to sleep, prevent light from getting into your room by closing curtains and blinds. On the other hand though, being exposed to natural light in the morning helps you to wake up slowly and naturally, and your body is sure to appreciate that.

If you’re looking to repaint your room then you want to avoid stimulating colors such as red. Instead, you should focus on warm neutral colors that make the room more relaxing.

Having trouble sleeping because of your neighbors or roommate? If that’s the case, you should try drowning them out with SleepPhones or earplugs to create the quiet, peaceful environment you need for sleep.

People sleep better in general when the temperature is a little cooler. Turn down the temperature in your bedroom to around 18 degrees Celsius. Not only will you sleep easier, but you’ll cut down your utilities bill too!

If you’ve tried these tips and you’re still having trouble sleeping at night then it could be time to contact a healthcare provider. How much sleep you get can be a major determining factor in your ability to live and function like a regular human being. Be sure to get enough of the good stuff!

Protect Yourself from Frauds

Fraud refers to any action that monetizes on unfair or unlawful gain. It has existed for a long time, and we have known one of your loved ones becoming a victim of fraud. In 2017 itself, it is closed to 70,000 complaints that are logged in.

Here are the tips to protect your from frauds:

  1. E-mail or Text Message

Do not believe e-mail or text message that you received from someone that you do not know. Even if you do know them – there are a lot of cases that the people behind the fraud can mask your number with the same number that is in your contact – then spend a couple of minutes to cross-check.


This activity is mainly called phishing. Victims are being sent e-mails or text messages to trick them to divulging personal information.

  1. Experts

There are a lot of modes of investment that you can gain through the internet, such as online jobs, investment and so forth. If you are planning to join a site that requires you to give them your personal information such as credit card number, even phone number, before giving them ensure that you know someone who had used that site before.

If you are planning to do an investment through online means, it is best that you consider going to a reputable brokerage firm instead.

  1. Personal Identity

There are a lot of cases that are also based on identity theft. This happens when a criminal gets access to someone else’s’ means of information,with or without the victim’s knowledge. Identity theft can obtain a victim’s information by stealing its wallet, but also through malware to hack the victim’s computer, smartphone or any electronic device.

Identity theft can damage your reputation and credit rating. To prevent this from happening, you need to ensure the safety of your credentials being handled when you do hand them out. Ask whether they will be sent to a third party. You should avoid giving out any document that contains your personal information, and you need to keep all of your documents in a safe place.

  1. Love

There are a lot of cases where the victim has simply been blinded by love. In fact, there are countries in the south of Africa, even Asia that operate simply on these types of modus operandi. The way it works is simple, someone would approach you. After months and months of chatting, they will do anything in their power to sway you into believing that they fell in love with you. Once you do, then they will ask you to send some amount of cash.

This is one of the disadvantages of online dating. There are many cases that they claimed to be a person that they are not. Be wary of anyone’s more interested in your financial situation that they are in you as a person, especially if you had never a chance to meet them. Do not believe in phone calls either, or video calls because they can easily avoid them. If you need any protection, you can search for private investigator Birmingham.

Sound Therapy And Its Benefits

Sound therapy is a healing technique that uses the aspect of music to improve the emotional as well as physical health and also improve the well- being of a person. The person being treated partakes in sound healing frequencies with the help of a well-trained practitioner who understands how the frequencies works.

The sound healing involves things like listening to music, mediating, playing instruments, and moving up to the beat of the music. There are different types of this kind of therapy which includes vibrational sounds that provides vibration and it is believed that vibrational energy improves the waves of the brain. This type of therapy is believed to have its origin in Greece when music was used to help to treat mental disorders.

And throughout the centuries, music has been playing a great role in helping boost morale, help people work faster and raise the spirits when necessary. Having said that am sure you can agree with me when I say that sound therapy benefits are many and the following are some of them.

sound therapy

Source: Healthline

  • Relief from stress

One of the greatest benefit of sound therapy is the fact that it is an effective stress relieve. The soothing sound of music has been used for centuries for this purpose and science backs it up that music retune the brain and helps it to cope with stress better. This happens because music replenishes the brain through high frequency sounds.

  • Reduces headaches

Headaches are very common especially to the adults and I don’t think there is any adult out there who can go for a week without experiencing a headache. Painkillers might help but the perfect way of dealing with it is by trying out sound therapy. Sound therapy helps many get a relief to chronic headaches as well as migraines. It is also believed that it can address the root cause of the headache like high blood pressure and the common one, stress. A study that was conducted found that adults with symptoms of migraines got relief after 14 days of sound therapy.

  • Boosts confidence

Sound therapy creates new and positive pattern in the brain which can help bring about a boost in confidence. When you enjoy a sound therapy regularly, you will be able to take up the challenges that life brings to you with more confidence and believing that you can do it. This is something that we all need to help us keep pushing and if a sound therapy can help, then it is definitely worth a try.

  • Sound therapy gives you more focus

A session with a professional for sound therapy can help you regain the lost focus in your life. Sound therapy lowers the brain wave frequency and this is believed to help a person focus more. This will help you cope with day to day activities and it can also help athletes improve their performance.

  • More energy after a sound therapy

The truth is most things that you feel in your body is normally connected to your brain and it sends signals throughout the body. If your body is under stress, it normally feel tired and fatigued. A sound therapy is going to help relieve the stress and it can also help the brain to release latent energy.

  • Better relationships

One of the major causes of breakups in many relationship is too much stress. Stress can even lead to a divorce in a marriage that have been intact for many years. It is also a major contributor to poor work done which can lead to one being fired. Those are just but a few problems that stress can lead to. If you undergo a sound therapy, the stress levels will be lowered and you will be able to focus on building and strengthening your relationships.

  • It is a great relief to common ailments

There are a lot of ailments that we face in our day to day lives that are actually stress related. The old and the young all undergo stress in this modern age and the ailments related to it have increased drastically. Some of these ailments that sound therapy is going to help is depression, joint pains, and stomach pains and other stress related diseases. The sounds from the therapy creates a healing environment in the body and the body just starts healing itself.

Energy healing

If you are looking for an alternative way to improve your mental health, maybe you can try out energy healing. Energy medicine involves working with the energy within our bodies. It can be any type of therapy that uses the energy within the body of a person. Research shows that 10 minutes of energy healing has the same effect as the physical therapy.

Energy healing is being recognized by many health professionals as a good alternatives because of how it concentrates more on healing the whole body instead of just a part of the body. If you learn how to, it is something that you can do yourself from the comfort of your home.

There are many types of energy healing methods including shiatsu, polarity therapy and Qigong. Crystal healing, acupressure and acupuncture can also be included as methods of energy healing. But the common energy healing techniques which are, reiki healing and pranic healing.

Pranic healing uses prana the life force in the body to heal the processes of your body’s energy. The method utilizes the moon and sun among other natural resources and Master Choa Kok Sui (developer) claims that the body can heal itself if you work with your emotional energy.

Reiki healing on the other hand is believed to help many ailments like stomach ache, flu, common colds, and serious conditions like heart diseases. It is also very effective when it comes to dealing with depression, anxiety and other mental disorders. The technique works with the principle of bringing the body back to balance.

Finding an Experienced Law Tutor in London

Whether you want to get admission into a law school, pass your law exams or you want to become a lawyer, one of the best ways to achieve this is by working closely with a law tutor. One thing you must learn early on in life as a potential lawyer is that success doesn’t come by chance. If you want to succeed, it is important that you do what it takes to succeed. 

Come to think of it, law is one of the hardest subjects in school. Every year, the few law schools in the UK rejects hundreds of thousands of applications. Besides, many law students later drop out of school. According to a new study, about 6.6% of law students drop out of law school annually. No doubt, the competition is very stiff and studying law can be very overwhelming. If you are a law student, you must have realized by now that depending only on what you are thought in class would make it harder for you to reach your goals.

Law Tutor

You certainly need a law tutor – a good one. A good law tutor will make it easy for you to get admitted to law school or to pass your law exams. Passing your law exams will accelerate your dream of becoming a lawyer. Without a doubt, lawyers are in great demand in the UK. As a lawyer, you will be one of the highest-paid professionals. Besides, it is very easy to get a job in this field. This amongst others is one of the reasons why you should work with a tutor to achieve your dream of becoming a lawyer.

What You Should Look For in a Law Tutor

In the United Kingdom, you can become a tutor even without having a teaching degree or a Bachelor’s degree in Education. This is why there are a lot of bad tutors out there. When you are searching for a law tutor, it is important you concentrate on tutors who performed well in school and have practiced law. A tutor with academic brilliance and professional success is the best person to help you reach your goals. 

Tips To Find the Best Law Tutor in London

  • Ask a Reputable Law Firm

Don’t just search for “law tutors” on Google. Ask a known reputable law firm in London if they can recommend a good private law tutor for you. Some law firms have lawyers who double as a lawyer and as a tutor. This way, you can get a great tutor who knows exactly what he is doing. 

  • Ask Your Law Professor

Your law professor can help you recommend a really great law tutor. Don’t be afraid to ask. Professors know that students need extra help and that they cannot always provide all the help students need in class. Your professor will be happy to recommend a tutor for you.

  • Ask Your Law Student Friends and Acquittances

Do you know anyone studying law? You could ask him for a recommendation. If you don’t know anyone studying law, you can visit a law school in London and nicely ask random law students for a recommendation. This could be a little hard. However, it is one of the best ways to get what you want if you are looking for the best law tutor in London.