Are part-time workers less productive and underpaid?

Currently there is a boom in the use of part-time jobs, because it allows greater flexibility for companies. Of this important quality, the best part time jobs have been created in the market, in a long time, to face difficult economic conditions The importance today is even greater timeshare jobs has increased impressively. The flexibility that allows companies to adjust to changing markets has driven their use.

We are going to do some aspects between part-time jobs and permanent jobs to see what conclusion we can reach

The question that arises is a very interesting matter, and to answer it, two important issues of part-time employment must be carefully analyzed. Remuneration and Productivity.

The Remuneration of a part-time job

The companies’ interest in the part-time workforce is based on adjusting the payroll as much as possible, while continuing to meet the needs of the patients who receive the product or service.

part-time job

The issue of remuneration is closely linked to why private companies personalized part-time. The main reasons why a company requires part-time staff on specific dates as follows:

Seasonal phenomenon

The Companies decided to use the Part-Time Jobs modality with the intention of having a temporary workforce. Originally they were closely associated with seasonal situations, where companies did not have to hire permanent staff all year round, and a few months were required in the year.

Customer service hours

They also associate with companies that have contact with customers for a few hours a day. Therefore, having a full-time staff would mean more hours than would actually be needed.

Labor costs

Companies find it cheaper to hire part-time workers than full-time workers. Comparatively, the cost per hour is lower in part-time workers, because companies do not incur a large amount of expenses that are a legal part of social security (insurance, benefits, annual premiums, etc.) for full-time employees. .

This was the reason that prompted the use of part-time workers since the financial crisis of 2007. At that time, the best part-time jobs were generated.

Conceptually, they are easily removable workers that allow companies greater flexibility. Therefore they are not as important as permanent employees, who are supposed to be an integral part of companies.Under this condition, part-time jobs normally correspond to those in the lowest strata of the organizational structure. Therefore, the remuneration of a part-time worker is influenced by low-paid positions and additionally they are lower than that of fixed-level positions due to the issue of obligations with job security.

Productivity of part-time workers. The issue of productivity is associated with the design of the job, training and the development of the worker in the job Training comparison

Due to the training issue, the permanent worker has the advantage, since he is the one selected par excellence to develop in companies and therefore should have better training. He should be more prepared to carry out an activity than the part-time worker.

Comparison in development: We could mention two relevant points on this topic, such as: Attitude in the workplace

This is a very subjective matter and making a general assessment is not very accurate.The permanent worker should have a greater identification with the company and have a better disposition for the job. But those of part-time workers, knowing that they are more replaceable, try to provide the best service to continue hiring them.

Assistance to the job Also in this aspect there is no conclusive data, because both workers, fixed as temporary, attend their positions, depending on the attitude of the person who occupies the positions

Conclusion: The issue of remuneration, indeed, are the lowest paid, as they belong to the lower strata, therefore it would not be advisable to mention them as “poorly paid”, but rather they receive less salary.On the subject of productivity, there is nothing conclusive on this topic, because it corresponds more to a topic of selection and motivation of personnel.Therefore, the only thing we could conclude is that they are the ones with the lowest remuneration, but neither poorly paid nor unproductive.It is important to understand that we are in times of many changes, and the incorporation of the figure of freelancers plays a fundamental role in the development of companies in the coming years. The jobs that have attention to the public will surely remain with some variation. However, any service that can be contracted via the Internet that allows companies to manage their operations, will surely migrate. The importance of jobs under this modality will surely increase.


Is Immersion Essential For Learning a Language?

If we actually want to be realistic about it, immersion is very important to be adept in a new language. What is immersion? It is a process by which a person who is alien to a new language learns the way of life and culture of the people of that new language so as to gain mastery over their language. What is then the obvious way to acclimatize one’s self with such a new language and dialect? It is obviously through cultural immersion.

The fact is that studying unknown dialects abroad is viewed as perhaps the best strategy and current patterns in language learning. It has been demonstrated on numerous occasions that cultural immersion is the best and quickest approach to become familiar with another dialect. On the off chance that you decide to examine an unknown dialect abroad, you won’t just figure out how to communicate in a language easily yet you will likewise have the option to make associations with others who have comparative perspectives and interests as yourself. You will find that learning an unknown dialect in where it is spoken encourages your capacity to learn while making your experience pleasant, energizing, and important. Look at the work of a  Govenesss Agency if you need to have more info on language immersion for kids.

The majority of the language learning strategies urge language students to encounter all out language immersion by learning another dialect in which it is spoken so as to be completely mindful of the surroundings and culture. Learning an unknown dialect abroad will offer you the chance to have a ton of fun, travel, and meet new individuals as you investigate the marvels of your target language.

Learning an unknown dialect abroad can be very scary at the same time, you should have the tolerance and consistency as you may well be outside your comfort zone. You ought to show restraint to get familiar with a language since it as a rule requires some investment and exertion in getting the hang of it. Consistency in examining an unknown dialect implies that your solidness or steadiness in your assurance to get familiar with another dialect ought to be predictable. By being reliable with your language learning process and having steady presentation to the language, can promise you that your language learning project will be a triumph once you build up your fundamental language abilities and begin speaking with it. For you to improve your language skills, you ought to investigate where you are learning the language. Think about the history and culture of the area, visit its attractions, and meet its local people! Social integration and travel are significant focuses in learning an unknown dialect abroad just as having fun and good times! Move the night away or feast with your freshly discovered companions and language school colleagues in your new host country’s nearby restaurants, meet neighborhood individuals and practice your language abilities. Concentrating abroad to become familiar with an unknown dialect could be only a once in a blue moon experience in this manner you ought to gain so much from it and appreciate the recollections you make!

Learning a Language

Experiencing an unknown language abroad is one experience that you ought not to miss! Study an unknown dialect abroad at this moment and to make memories that will forever make you skilled in the new language

You can now see how important immersion is in language learning, it gives you first-hand experience and sharpens your language skills in amazing ways. So, if you want your children to learn a new language other than your native tongue, you should consider traveling to that particular country for some immersion. What is so unique about language immersion? You know that saying that goes, “When you see the way things are being done and have first-hand experience, you tend to be more skilled.” In the same way, when you travel to that foreign land and experience first hand, the way they live and speak their language, you tend to be better in learning such a language. So, when your children are in that foreign land, they learn a first-hand language experience. Your infant’s brain is still very flexible, he or she then learns like a native.


We have seen how important immersion is in learning a new language, especially for kids. Early language immersion will result in native like fluency and speech.

What is an acupressure mat and could it help your anxiety?

For centuries, acupressure techniques have been used as a form of remedy. Pressing your body on certain points give benefits you cannot get from medication. While acupressure treatment takes time, effort, and sometimes a lot of money, the method itself can be transformed into day-to-day tools. One of which is the acupressure mat. The idea of a mat that can press your body up may seem a little strange. But once you understood the purpose and benefit, you can use it to help your anxiety.

What is an acupressure mat?

Acupressure MatBasically, it is a thick mat made of foam or rubber that is embedded with spikes on hard disks. To put it in a simple sentence, it is a more modern version of a bed of nails. These spikes are designed to replicate the pressure applied to your body throughout acupressure therapy sessions. The cheap ones made from durable plastic, good brands offer 100% recyclable Medical grade HIPS plastic, other bmats can be made from metal materials such as nickel.

With acupressure mats, you get to enjoy most of the benefits of acupressure therapy without having to attend any session with the therapist. This way, you get to save more time and money.

Can acupressure mat help your anxiety?

When facing a challenging or stressful situation, some people may experience anxieties. Some won’t last long, but some experience severe anxiety that may impact their lives in the long term. The symptoms of anxiety include fatigue, nausea, sleeping disorder, and muscle tension.

Anxiety is mostly treated with therapy, meditation, or a combination of both. There are also alternative treatments that can help, including acupressure. Acupressure can counter anxiety as it switches on the nervous system to produce chemicals in the body. These will provide pain relief.

The direct relation of acupressure mat and anxiety is slightly small. But, there’s a sign that it will help you relax. One of the quickest ways to help you relax when anxiety hits you is to sit in an upright position. You can place your thumb between your eyebrows quite firmly and make circular motions with your thumb. While you’re doing it, breathe through the nose and out through your mouth. This exercise will relax the nervous system and stop your heart from beating too fast.

It’s recommended to use the acupressure technique in a meditation or yoga practice with professionals. Also, acupressure mat will give a maximum benefit when you use it even just by lying on it for 20-40 minutes, several times a week. It’s a safe and simple way to relieve your anxiety.

How to use it properly

It may take some time to get used to the mat. The spikes are sharp and can cause pain or discomfort when you use the mat for the first time. But after a while, you will start to warm up to it and you will feel good lying on the mat eventually. To help you with the transition, here are some tips to use your acupressure mat properly:

Choose the right surface to lay the mat

First-timers often make a mistake by using the mat on a bed or sofa. This may seem like a good idea, but the mat requires a flat and firm surface to optimize its function. That being said, if the spikes are hurting too much, you can use the bed as a start. Once you get used to it, spread out the mat onto the floor.

Apply another layer between yourself and the mat

To help you get used to the sharp spikes, you can wear a shirt or a thin fabric instead of going bare skin. It may help to reduce the pain from the pressure. However, for the best result, it is highly recommended to go bake skin.

Use the mat often and routine

For some people, it takes time to get used to using the mat. But many others have no complaints even from the very first time. Using the mat often will help you get used to it plus optimizing the result.


The acupressure mat is guaranteed to help you with your anxiety. As your blood flows better, your body becomes more relaxed. That is one step closer to the anxiety-free moments you deserve. Play relaxing music in the background and practice your breathing technique during your time lying on the mat. These will help you even better with your anxiety!

A Social Learning Perspective of Gambling Behavior among College Students

Learning about gambling behavior among college students offers an opportunity to learn more about them. The proportion of undergraduate students who gamble is on the rise as well as their level of involvement in the gambling industry. This post provides a social learning perspective of gambling behavior among college students and how it is shaped. Understanding why students gamble allows one to understand more about their gambling behavior. The following need to be considered when discussing gambling behavior among college students.

gambling behavior among college students

  1. Frequency

With online gambling options easily available these days, the frequency of gambling behavior has skyrocketed. Before students even enter college, they tend to be already addicted to gambling. Hence, it is common for some college students to be heavy gamblers by the time they first enter college.

Moreover, the stress that comes with studying at a college also increases the student’s frequency to gamble. Many students view gambling as a way to blow off steam. However, this creates a cycle where students find themselves being heavily addicted to gambling and it simply becomes impossible for them to slow down or quit.

  1. Scope

Media shows a glamorous depiction of gambling. It has created an environment where students view gambling as their ticket to a life of happiness. However, what media misses is that most gamblers have serious mental issues and by the time they even win the lottery, they have put a lot on the line. The scope of gambling behavior has increased significantly in recent times. Social media stars show college students an easy and fun lifestyle where gambling is the shortcut to success. Hence, many students consider quitting college for a chance to win it big.

Some students seek student loans and end up wasting the money on their gambling addiction. The scope of gambling has become all-expanding. With the rise of the gambler lifestyle, many students aspire to become a high-profile gambler in the future. Gambling for entertainment has become the norm. Students on average gamble three times a month according to various studies.

  1. Expenditure

Gambling behavior can be easily measured by comparing the expenditure of students towards gambling. More and more college students are spending their savings on lottery tickets, betting, poker, and slot machines to boost their chances of winning a ton of money.

Some college students spend as much as 20 percent of their monthly expenditure on gambling, whereas, some even spend twice that amount. This is alarming for colleges. Although the employment status of students plays a huge role in their gambling behavior, both employed and unemployed college students spend a staggering amount of money on gambling.

What Colleges and Parents Can Do?

This post provides an insight into the gambling behavior of college students. Colleges and parents need to do a lot more to understand students’ gambling behavior. Policies need to be adopted to help students deal with gambling addiction. There should be an open policy where students should feel safe to get the help they need.

Sources for this article:

How to deal with peptic ulcer disease?

Peptic ulcers occur when the lining of the stomach and small intestine gets open sores. These open sores induce a lot of pain and discomfort and are sometimes a source of bleeding as well. Read on to know more about peptic ulcer disease and how you can prevent it:

What causes peptic ulcer disease?

As with the pathophysiology of almost all the gastric diseases, eating habits and lifestyle play a vital role. An important cause of peptic ulcer disease also lies with what we tend to eat. Ulcers form in the gastric lining when there is excessive production of gastric acid, or there is breakdown of the protective mucus layer. As a result, the stomach lining gets irritated by the acidic environment, and inflammation and pain ensues.

In our setting, Helicobacter pylori infections are a major cause of peptic ulcer disease. H.pylori spreads through eating unclean food and water, as well as, close contact. While many people who are carriers of H.pylori do not get ulcers, in some, it can break down the mucus layer and raise the amount of acid. This can end up causing severe and resistant to treatment peptic ulcer disease, which often returns despite treatment.

peptic ulcer disease

Frequent and indiscriminate use of painkillers also leads to peptic ulcer disease. NSAIDs like Aspirin can interfere with the protective mucus barrier over the stomach lining, which makes it vulnerable for the stomach acid. This also occurs with other NSAIDs like naproxen and ibuprofen, as they have the same mechanism of action, and occurs more often when these drugs are taken for a long time. For this reason, self-medication is often not a great idea, as seemingly harmless drugs can also have potential adverse effects people are unaware of.

Other types of painkillers like acetaminophen, however, do not have the same adverse effect on the stomach lining and are often prescribed as an alternate.

Stress can be an unavoidable risk factor and causative agent for peptic ulcer disease, as can be eating spicy food and smoking cigarettes.

What are the symptoms of peptic ulcer disease?

With excessive gastric acid production, there is discomfort in the belly, especially on an empty stomach. There can also be acid reflux in a recumbent position, especially at night, or on lying down shortly after eating. In severe cases, there can be a grinding pain under the breastbone, which goes away on taking antacids, but returns when the effect of the drug wears off.

Small ulcers more often only cause pain. However, big ulcers can be problematic and can show alarming signs like blood in vomitus, bloody or dark stools, or weight loss. If any of the aforementioned symptoms are observed, you should visit a hospital which has a multi-speciality panel as soon as possible. Mid City hospital is a good option in this regard.

How to manage peptic ulcer disease?

The goal of therapy in peptic ulcer disease is: to relieve the symptoms of the patient, and deal with the cause of excessive acid production. Small ulcers can heal on their own, but some ulcers can be recurrent if proper care is not taken. In most cases, treatment is tailored according to the cause behind the ulcer.

In case of H.pylori infection, a mix of antibiotics are used to kill the bacteria. Triple therapy is used—with two kinds of antibiotics, and one proton pump inhibitor, for some time for complete eradication of bacteria. Any interruption in treatment can lead to recurrence of infection, therefore, adherence and compliance are essential for treatment to be successful.

If the cause behind peptic ulcers disease is too much use of NSAIDs and painkillers, then their use must be tapered for relief. Reducing the dose of painkiller can also be effective; you can talk to your healthcare provider to switch your medication to one that does not disturb the gastric mucosa.

There are certain medications for peptic ulcer disease that help to reduce the secretion of gastric acid. These include drugs called: proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine blockers. PPIs help in reducing the secretion of gastric acid, and therefore protect the lining of stomach and duodenum, and allow it time to heal. In fact, PPIs are also used in fighting H.pylori infection. PPIs are great for managing peptic ulcer disease; however, they too aren’t without side effects. PPIs should be used only for the duration of the period they have been advised by the healthcare provider and not longer. Studies show that in Pakistan, many people self-medicate with PPIs, which is not a good thing in the long term. Examples of PPIs include: omeprazole, esomeprazole, pantoprazole, lansoprazole.

Histamine receptor blockers also help to reduce the secretion of acid through blocking the histamine pathway. They also work in a similar manner to PPIs and give time for the peptic ulcer to heal while there is reduced secretion of acid. Examples of histamine receptor blockers include: famotidine, cimetidine, ranitidine.

Another class of drug that helps to protect the gastric mucosa is called protectants. They work by coating the ulcers in a way that gastric acid cannot come in contact with the ulcer. Sucralfate is a commonly prescribed protectant that doctors use for peptic ulcer disease. Antacids can also be prescribed to help neutralize the acid already present in the stomach.

Peptic ulcer is a serious condition and requires immediate attention from a gastroenterologist. You should thus visit a hospital at your earliest with a competent gastroenterologist panel. The National Medical Center is one such facility.