A study on the application of digital signature technology

In today’s world, it is really common to share your personal or impersonal documents. These documents can therefore sometimes contain sensitive information for example financial statements, legal contracts, and even financial transactions. So for the better safety of your document, it is necessary to encrypt them to ensure that they are saved from prying eyes. There are a lot of hackers these days that are just waiting to find a weak prey and steal their credentials. So if you do want to send your documents via the e-space and also keep your e-commerce documents safe then use a digital signature. A digital signature provides the surety that the customer had agreed to the terms of the seller and cannot deny it afterward. When a customer digitally sings an online purchase or order then the seller can be sure of who the buyer is, when was the order generated and can verify if there were any problems with his terms or transits.

The digital signature was introduced back in 1976 as a method of public-key cryptography. However, it was not until recently that the government and companies started using it for electronic sale and buy, more commonly known as e-commerce.

What Is a Digital Signature?

digital signature technology

A digital signature is a technology that was made as a secure pathway for digital shops using public-key cryptography. In this, you have two keys that are a private key and a public key. The Digital signature technology provides you with a private key that is used to sign the document on your behalf and the public key is send to the receiver. This way receivers can use the public key sent to them to authenticate the document. It is also used with an electronic signature software to make things more secure.

However, you basically use your private key to generate a Hash encryption message. This hash goes through your document and keep track of the content inside. This way when the sender receives the document and uses the public key sent by you to reverse the encryption. The sender observes the original hash he then combines them both and if the hashes match then it means that there was no tempering in the document. Although, if it does not match then it means that the document was corrupted in the transfer.

HASH:

What is a hash? Well, it is an encryption method that works like a one-way street. This algorithm generates a message that can’t be used to derive the original message. So it is very much safe and secure to use it. There is also zero chances of a hash algorithm to generate the same hash for two different documents.

Message Digest 5 (MD5) that can produce a 128-bit hash and Secure Hash Algorithm 1 (SHA-1) that can produce a 160-bit hash are the most commonly used hash algorithms.

Trust Modes of Public key:

    A public key that is generated with your document’s private key needs to be published by you. This publication implies that either the public key is placed on an organization’s network so that all your employees can access it. Or you will have to send your public key directly to the user. You can not keep your public key hidden and secure like you must keep your private key. Your private key is only to be seen by your eyes but the public key needs to be shared so therefore it is very essential that there is some kind of trust about the public key between the two parties. It is a crucial part as there are hackers that can impose as you and send a fake public key and document. So in simple terms, a public key trust mode can’t be ignored.

There are two methods of this i.e. direct trust and third party trust. These modes are pretty easy to understand and much is implied by their names.

Direct Method:

In this method, you will pass the public key to the receiver directly as you two know each other and can do so privately or securely. This way there will be no more threats.

Third-Party Method:

In the third party method, you and the receiver don’t know each other and can’t exchange keys securely yourself. So you use a middle man to exchange the keys.

Usually, the direct method is used in a small group of companies whereas the third party method is used by large companies.

Certification:

Certification of public keys is necessary when working with a third party. This is called Certificate Authority (CA) and is a trustworthy organization that certifies your public keys. And if there is any sort of issue with the public key then these CAs can be contacted to solve the issue.

Time Stamp:

Under particular circumstances, it is mandatory to timestamp the document. FO example if you send a contract that was supposed to be sent before a contract expires then your document will be rejected. So it is always the best option to send a timestamp with your document.

Digital Signature Software:

These products are not really hard to use in fact they are pretty easy. There are three ways to classify the digital signature function in any such software i.e. email only, Solo for files only and Entrust/ Entelligence for both email and files.

Interoperability:

There is no real concept of interoperability in between this software for now except for one i.e. standard Secure MIME (S/MIME) email. SO don’t use someone else’s software to verify and someone else’s software for the signature. Use the same software as your business partner.

government regulation:

There are different regulations for different governments throughout the world. For example, if you look at the government of the united states then you can observe that they do no regulate the signatures but they do forbid the export of encryption larger than 56-bit.

So be smart and always use a digital signature or better yet an electronic signature software for your documents.

How Package Tracking Has Revolutionized So Our Lives And Industrial Shipment Aspects

Through the past decades, we have made great jumps over the obstacles that affected our lives and businesses. It was only thirty years ago that we still used the postman run system for delivering the goods to various destinations. We had no idea where the packages ate off to when they were left at the post office counter; where it was stamped with ink and used a marker to handwrite the address of delivery. Not to forget mentioning the required post stamps to stick over the package; it matters if it was a letter or a large box if it was being sent across the globe or was only headed to the next area in the same city. It all followed the same procedure. Although today’s technology has taken a turn for the better our technologies ha provided an hourly update of a packaged good, all the travels it makes whether by sea or the plane, and all the accurate foretells of the delivery time. It is truly a magnificent turn of an event.

What is digital tracking software?

Package

Parcel tracking software is a digital platform that performs specific tasks in order to increase shipment activity convenience. This system is meant for tracking a parcel that has been shipped through logging in the exact location, checkpoint amidst its journey from the shipping point to the delivery point, name and information of both receiver and sender along with the shipping company and many more useful details. These details are sent as a notification to all three involved entities. This helps the correct and rightful decision making.

Individual benefits

When it comes to the benefits of parcel tracking software, the first thing that comes in the mind is convenience. It is a satisfying experience to know the exact date and time of the arrival of a parceled good that has been expected. Another factor that is considered important to the individual users is the high-security aspect of the orders or gifted goods; There is a fraction of the chance in data mishap. Chances of misplacing, routing the package in the wrong way and lastly, complete loss of parcels is extremely low. This is the reason many users have adopted easily with these applications. The tracking application designers have aimed to create maximum ease of use and efficiency.

Industrial benefits

There are many organizations that have created revolutionary changes due to us the package tracking software. Some mentionable associations are;

  • Colleges and universities

They use package tracking applications to help students and staff. It helps them to transfer and send documents, CVs, books and other education-related material within the campus. It is highly secured and saves time and attention that is required for other tasks.

  • Large industrial companies

Many large companies receive daily amounts of bulk deliveries of raw materials, invoices and replacement gears, and many more. Considering the large area of the company, it created problematic motions to deliver each package to its designated area. This software provided the solution by taking up this responsibility. It was error-free, fast and efficient in delivering each package to the right part. It also generates daily reports for the official record use.

  • Small and medium companies

Smaller companies also deal with considerable amounts of delivery. Ae transportation is not an issue with these companies; it was required for them to be able to understand which package has arrived with the exact time of arrival. There are designated lockers with automatic pick up facilities that organize the companies’ mailrooms. A similar system is used in the management of large apartments as well.

Conclusion

The package tracking application has created comfort, ease of use while increasing accountability for many industries. It is a burden less experience while we can be notified only with a touch away through our smartphones. They are also available in the form of a dashboard application on computers.

The Latest in Shutters for Storm Protection

Shutters are window and door coverings usually made of either wood, vinyl, or hybrid, that is, a combination of vinyl and aluminum. They have various uses such as to control the amount of sunlight entering the house, security against adverse weather such as hurricanes, or for protection against intrusion. Most people tend to prefer using shutters made of wood even though they are expensive, but in situations such as hurricanes, you might want to consider the type of shutters mentioned in the list below.

shutters for storm protection

In places such as the Tropical islands, the Caribbean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and so on, picking out the type of shutter used for your house is essential. One broken glass may allow debris to fly into the house, and it could cause harm to the people inside. A broken window can also cause pressure in the house, which could blow the house away.  Picking the type of shutters used to protect your home is of utmost importance.

The best shutters for storm protection to protect your home would be

Roll Gard

The Roll Gard is also called the roll-up or rolling shutters. It is popular in South Louisiana. The panel contains aluminum slat profiles, and so are very strong. A motor operator controls the Roll Gard. It can be easily rolled up or down or you can use a switch.

This type of shutters is also used for security purposes in offices, banks, pharmacies, and so on. The beauty of this type of cover serves as an added advantage. The shutters, when not in use, look beautiful.

Bahama hurricane shutters.

The Bahama hurricane shutters, as the name implies, are popular in the tropical islands and are quite stylish. The Bahama hurricane shutters are easy to install and provide ventilation, light, and privacy control. The Bahama hurricane shutters can be used as sunshades when the sun is out and folded down when there is a storm.

Accordion hurricane shutters.

The Accordion hurricane shutters are cost-effective and provide maximum security against hurricanes. This type of hurricane shutters is easy to close. This type of window and door covering has an interlocking blade system folded when not in use. They can be rolled in or out and can be pulled shut when there is a storm.

The Accordion hurricane shutters are suitable for large doors and windows. The Accordion hurricane shutters may not provide much in terms of beauty, but they are functional, and they give a clean look when not in use.

Fabric storm panels.

This type of hurricane shutters is very economical and installs quickly, and so doesn’t necessarily require an installer. The production material used is very strong synthetic and PVC coated. The fabric storm panel has the capacity to withstand category five hurricanes, and so are very strong. These panels can easily be folded up and kept when not in use. The fabric storm panels are way better than the plywood most people use to board up their windows.

Colonial Hurricane Shutters. 

The colonial hurricane shutters are used mostly for decorative purposes, but you can also purchase the storm rated options. The colonial New England homes inspired this type of shutters. The shutters don’t only provide security during storms but also serve as shade when the weather is terrible.

The Colonial hurricane shutters are hung permanently on the building. They are attached to the side of the window and will be swung shut during a storm. If you have the colonial hurricane shutters installed, there is little preparation to be done before a storm.

Temporary storm panels.

Temporary storm panels are panels put in place temporarily as protection against storms. It is produced with aluminum, steel, or polycarbonate. The temporary storm panels can be fixed quickly before a storm. There is usually other hardware in place before the storm panels are installed. It is cost-effective.

The next time you want to buy hurricane shutters, you might want to consider purchasing any of the above. The types of shutters mentioned on this list provide you with maximum protection from the storm and can serve other purposes such as; decoration and sunshade, as mentioned in the above list.

The Best Minecraft Hosting Services For Startups In 2020

2019 is almost up and 2020 is here. Everyone is looking for a way to make 2019 greater by having a better experience all round. This doesn’t exclude Minecraft lovers, fans and players. Whether you are playing it for fun or educational purpose, one thing is certain, you will only look for the best hosting services in 2020 for the game, especially if you are just a beginner.

Therefore, below is a brief list of the best Minecraft hosting services for startups in 2020.

Minecraft Hosting Service

Shockbyte

Shockbyte was established in 2013 and as such, it is one of the longest-running providers of Minecraft hosting available. The company which originated from Australia has gained ground due to the quality of its services among gamers when it comes to server hosting. They have committed passionately to giving the best quality possible servers at affordable prices. To be candid, they have done well towards achieving it and they also have a great customer support team available 24/7 for contact through ticket or live chat. They also have the knowledge base and the FAQ section where you can get additional assistance from. They do not only provide great performance at a reasonable price, but they also boast of an amazing range of features, an unlimited number of slots with all plans as well a custom control panel.

Apex Hosting

Apex hosting is another great Minecraft hosting service for startups in 2020. It has a very low latency server that keeps the game always running smooth. In addition, they also have a custom control panel that has been designed to make the server management a hassle-free experience even though it might look a bit different from what you are familiar with. The set-up does not last long and it takes just a few seconds.

Furthermore, they include DDoS protection. They have support staff that can be contacted almost anytime and are bound to help you out with inquiries, complaints etc. In conclusion, they have many software versions that you can select from when setting up your server as well as plans that fit any kind of budget, even if there are countless players online at the same time.

Anvilnode

Anvilnode seems not to be as famous as other services on this list but it is still one of the best around for startups in 2020. They offer very solid and reliable performance and their prices seem to be reasonable as well. Not only does the company specialize mainly in Minecraft servers, but they also offer managed and dedicated hosting for people who want to do something more advanced. Apart from its managed and dedicated servers, they also provide other amazing features that include cutting-edge hardware which facilitates great performance as well as unlimited slots.

Scalacube

This service is quite straightforward and very easy to use, making it a fantastic choice for startups. Its Minecraft server hosting is definitely one of the best for 2020. It has a good customer support service ready to attend to you 24/7. Furthermore, it boasts a lot of interesting and cool advanced features that you are bound to like such as Unlimited slots with every package, free forum, and website, as well as a custom game launcher.

Nitrousnetworks

The last service on this list of server hosting providers suitable for startups in 2020 is Nitrous networks. The company offers hosting servers for more than 20 very popular games but it is not even stopping there as they keep expanding their library to include many more titles. Of course, on top of this collection of servers are the servers for both the Pocket and Java editions of Minecraft. They can be easily managed using the NitroPanel which is a custom control panel designed to make things as easy for people playing the game. They also have other cool features like DDoS protection as well as free access to a lot of modpacks from Spigot, Vanilla, Forge and host of other Minecraft servers types.

4 Ways to Get More Wedding Photography Clients

The 21st century is the era of technologies and advancements. People are now able to find the most luxurious and reliable services for their routine needs. And when it comes to the most special day of their life, the wedding day, people are curious to find the best one. If you are working as a professional wedding photographer, you have to put some effort into capturing client attention.

There are a variety of strategies that you can use for lead generation. However, if you are new in the marketing world, below we have listed a few incredible ideas to help you get more wedding photography clients:

Wedding Photography Clients

Word of Mouth Referrals:

We know that communication channels have evolved over the years, but word of mouth is still the most trustworthy source of referrals. When a good friend recommends us some business, we feel sure about trying it. And this is the most active element for lead generation in today’s competitive world. You can motivate people to recommend your photography business by offering a special reward program. Your existing clients can be the best source of marketing for you. When they are motivated, they can help you get more visitors on your business platform. Client referral or affiliate marketing programs can help you get more reliable referrals from the target market.

Social media advertising:

The rising competition in the market has defined the importance of online promotions, and social media has been the prime target for growing businesses. If you are working as a wedding photographer, Facebook and Instagram can help you to bring your talent to the local audience. Stats reveal that most of the people love to make their purchase decisions by getting inspired through social media promotions. When you want to target more clients, it is good to start with contests, polls and video marketing campaigns on social media. These brand promotion strategies can help you to expand your customer base. At the same time, you can find more ways to analyze client interests and preferences via social media interactions. This channel works for long term returns in the wedding photography business.

Wedding directory sites:

From the past few years, there is a buzz in the market regarding whether wedding photographers can avail benefits from wedding directories or not. Well, when you want to establish a brand in the market and want to be reachable to the audience, these sites can help you better. These platforms are designed to highlight your expertise to the most relevant audience so that they can choose you over others. These directories can be definitely useful to get more leads and bookings for wedding photography projects. You can highlight your skillset and portfolio on these websites to capture audience attention. It can also promote the word of mouth-based recommendations. You can associate with Nicola Tonolini‘s platform to lead a bright career with your wedding photography skills.

Search Engine Optimization:

The best marketing tool for photographers to avail more leads to their wedding projects is SEO. When you follow trusted and reliable SEO tactics for marketing, it helps can help you stay on the top of the search engine results. With this, you can receive more consistent traffic on your website. And those visitors are easier to convert into potential customers for the lifetime. Prefer to describe your business with more attractive and catchy words online and make sure you stuff keywords in the right proportion. They can help you generate more leads in lesser time.

These simple techniques can help you take your wedding photography business to a whole new level. Even if you are a beginner in this field, these marketing strategies can build solid credibility in the market.